PROTECTS AGAINST STRESS

 

ALBIT REDUCES STRESS AND, IN FACT, INCREASES THE EFFICIENCY OF PESTICIDES AND FERTILIZERS 

 

It is well known that most of the chemical pesticides are quite toxic. Thus, besides their main functions (protection of plants from diseases, weeds and insects), pesticides can cause stress of plants instead of defending them. Usually, such stresses lead to a delayed growth and retardation of different metabolic processes, reduction of germination, different damages (burns, spots, leaf distortion), lowered resistance to infection, and, finally, yield loss. As an example, US lose over 800 million dollars a year due to the poisonous effects of chemical pesticides. 

In order to reduce stress action of pesticides, special substances like 'antidotes' might be used. They are also called 'anti-stress agents' or 'safeners', although the last term is not very precise. It is generally agreed among specialists that providing he guaranteed output requires the use of chemical pesticides together with the anti-stress agents.

Albit is a growth regulator and fungicide, but one of the most effective ways it can be used is together with chemical pesticides. In this case, according to the average results of all available field trials, Albit acts as an effective safener, reducing the toxicity of pesticides from 5 to 95%. In other words, Albit can prevent yield loss by up to 95%. The antidote property of Albit has a wide experimental attestation in 105 field trials with herbicides, more than 80 - with fungicides and seed treatment agents and more than 20 insecticides. The experiments have been carried out since 1998 both in top-level scientific institutions (Russian Institute of Plant Protection, Russian Institute of Plant Protection RAAS, Russian Institute of Biological Plant Protection and others) and in other agricultural enterprises. Due to the high efficiency of Albit/pesticide combination, Albit was recommended by research organizations for use in combination with different means of plant protection.

According to the 10-year experiment, adding Albit to chemical pesticides provides the following yield increase:

  • to herbicides – by 16.6%
  • to insecticides – by 16.1%
  • to chemical fungicides – by 12%

 

The use of other means of plant protection together with Albit brings up a question about their compatibility. Nowadays, a lot of biostimulants and growth regulators are being questioned for reducing the effectiveness of protective chemicals or have a negligible antidote effect. Unlike other similar products, Albit is compatible with all chemical pesticides (herbicides, fungicides, and insecticides) as well as fertilizers (including extraroot fertilizers). It is possible due to the fact that Albit does not contain any living microorganisms which can be oppressed by chemical pesticides. It only has pure active substances isolated from bacteria. During an 8-year period of using Albit in more than 30 countries, there were detected no cases of incompatibility of Albit with the chemicals listed above. In contrast to most of commonly used growth regulators of non-biological origin (isolated from charcoal, wood or silt) Albit has permanent composition, properties, and neutral pH that is also contributes to high repeatability and reliability of antidote activity.

It is well-known that agricultural chemicals can be divided into 2 main groups: fertilizers (agrochemicals) and pesticides (means of plant protection). Further, according to the object of action, pesticides are divided into herbicides (chemicals fighting weeds), fungicides (chemicals fighting fungal diseases), insecticides (fight insects), acaricides (fighting pathogenic mites), nematocides (against nematodes), and so on. Insecticides and acaricides, since they have common mechanisms of action, can be combined into one group of insectoacaricides, which is often simply called ‘ insecticides’.

 

In practice, Albit is commonly used together with herbicides (Fig 13). A high efficiency of Albit/herbicide combination was shown on cereals, sugar beet, sunflower, soybean, flax and the other crops. Adding Albit to herbicides allows to increase the yield averagely by 16.6%. Herbicide treatments decrease the resistance of plants to leaf infections, but the combination with Albit abolishes this effect and increases immunity, that makes the following fungicidal treatment unnecessary. In addition to that, Albit spraying is effective for elimination of herbicide overdose consequences (in 1-5 days after herbicide treatment).

Fig. 13. Using of Albit in combination with different groups of pesticides (schematic).

The usage of Albit is also recommended in combination with insecticides against chinch, a leaf beetle, the cereal and cabbage plant louse, mining flies, Colorado beetle and the other pests. Due to the antidote effect of Albit, the productivity under this conditions increases by 8-32% (on average) than that with insecticide alone. In certain cases, especially for canola, yield increase is even higher – up to 93%. In trials on wheat, adding Albit to insecticides increased the content of gluten at least by 1.2%.

Albit as safener is also effective together with extra root nitrogen fertilizers (urea, ammonium nitrate, and their combination) and with composite microelement fertilizers.

The combination of Albit with other chemical fungicides exhibits more complicated action.

First of all , regarding the fungicides (as in the case with herbicides and fungicides), Albit exhibits pronounced antidote effect. For example, adding Albit to fungicidal seed disinfectants having azoles as the active ingredient, noticeably increases germination and germination power of seeds, abolishing the stressogenic action of disinfectant. According to the reports of Agrochemical Department of Moscow State University (2000), the antidote activity of Albit regarding to fungicides makes up 24,6% on average, in tests of All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2004) it makes up from 7 to 62%.

Secondly, Albit itself is a systemic fungicide protecting plants via immunization. A combination of Albit with chemical fungicides leads to synergistic effects, in other words, to reciprocal reinforcing of acting components. For example, chemical fungicides protect plants from diseases over their period of validity (1 month generally), but after it makes the plans more sensible to infections by weakening their immunity. Adding Albit allows to recover and reinforce plant immunity that prolongs the period of validity.

Thanks to its immunizing activity, Albit is able to substitute the chemical fungicides partially or even totally, depending on infectious background. As it was demonstrated in multiple trials with fungicides of all groups (classified by active ingredients), using Albit with only half of application rate with fungicides provides the same protective effect, as full dose of fungicides (Table 13). Partial replacement of scheduled fungicidal treatments to Albit treatments is also possible (for example, for cereals, vine, and potatoes).

Analogously, tests of Agrochemical Department of MSU demonstrated that due to the increase of the coefficient of NPK uptake from soil and fertilizers under the influence of Albit, rates of application of the mineral fertilizers might be decreased by 10-30%.

As a result, it is possible to reach reduction of total costs for both fungicidal treatment and fertilizers by 20-45% and to get more ecologically pure organic products.

Combined usage of Albit and chemical pesticides leads inevitably to increased economic effectiveness of plant protecting actions: due to either reduced cost of treatment (with fungicides and fertilizers), or increased productivity (thanks to antidote effect of in case of herbicides or insecticides). Besides economical benefits, Albit also increases biological and agricultural effectiveness of chemicals. The head of one of the leading potato farm inRussia said once, that only together with Albit all fungicides he used before started to work with their full capacity, i.e., to provide 100% of the effect declared by producer. Thus, joint use of Albit and standard recommended means of plant protection allows to provide their high reliability and effectiveness.

Albit is very well known for its high antidote activity!

Please use Albit in combination with chemical pesticides strictly according to approved rules and recommendations for these chemicals.

 

Combination with chemical fungicides and fungicidal seed treatment agents

Combination with herbicides

Combination with insecticides

Combination with fertilizers