Millet

Increase of grain yield, straw yield, germination, acceleration of roots, panicle length, number of seeds from one plant, weight of 1000 seeds, weight of seeds from one plant, drought resistance.

 

 

Control of common smut in combination with half dose of chemical seed treatment agents. Control of common smut (BE 2–50 %, in combination with half dose of chemical seed treatment agents BE 100%).

Application rate

Treatment method, processing time, application rate of working solution

Nr. of treatmts.

Additional information

50 mL/t

Presowing seed treatment, 20 L/t.

1

 

40 mL/hectare

Spraying at the stages of tillering (BBCH 20-30), 200-300 L/hectare.

1

 

 

Influence of Albit on millet was examined in 7 field trials in 2 regions of Russia (Saratov and Oryol oblasts). Trials were carried out in 1999-2004 by All-Russia Institute of Leguminous and Groat Crops, Agricultural Scientific Institute of South-East, and Saratov Regional Plant Protection Station on millet varieties Krupnoskoroye, Blagodatnoye, Saratovskoye-10, Saratovskoye-6 and Saratovskoye-8. For many years, Albit has been successfully used on millet in agricultural practice of farms of Saratov oblast.

Averagely, according to results of all performed trials, treatment with Albit provided yield increase of 1.4-6.2 centners/hectare over control (3.5 centners/hectare on average). This yield increase is due to increase of: seed number from one plant by 9-17, weight of 1000 seeds by 0.21-0.59 g, weight of seeds from one plant by 0.15-0.4 g.

In the conducted field trials economical or biological effectiveness of Albit was not inferior to that of formulationsbased on benomyl, carboxin and thiram.

Biological efficiency (BE) of Albit against head smut of millet is just 2-50%, that obviously is not enough for effective control of this disease. On the other hand, as it was found by number of scientific institutions, presowing seed treatment of millet with combination of halved dose of chemical protectant and Albit provides total (100%) disinfection of seeds from smut, that considerably decreases cost of treatment (Table 13). Thus, Albit can be effectively used for presowing seed treatment of millet against smut in combination with 50% decreased application rates of chemical fungicides.

Application recommendations. It is recommended to perform presowing seed treatment (50 ml/tonne of seeds) and foliar spraying at the EC stage 20-29 (40 ml/hectare). 

Presowing seed treatment with Albit provides efficient plant growth stimulation in early stages of development. It is especially important, because unlike other crops millet seed contains few nutrients and millet germs is very sensitive to different environmental factors. Presowing treatment increases germination by 5.7-7%, development of rootage by 7-20%, that, in turn, increases water supply and drought resistance of plants.

Though stimulating influence of presowing seed treatment is observed during all vegetation period, the most efficient type of millet treatment is foliar spraying. It increases efficiency of presowing seed treatment approximately in 2.5 times and can be used separately without preceding seed treatment. Foliar spraying increases drought resistance, provides growth of well developed panicle, increases panicle length (approx. 1.5 fold), increases number and weight of seeds from one plant, weight of 1000 seeds.

Application of Albit on millet is very economically efficient. Due to low cost of hectare rate of Albit presowing treatment, its profitability was 8600%, whereas that of foliar spraying was 960%. Thus, foliar spraying with Albit provides maximal agricultural efficiency (yield increase), whereas presowing seed treatment provides maximal economical one. Profitability of presowing seed treatment with chemical standard fungicide based on benomyl was 1610%, whereas profitability of treatment with Albit + halved dose of benomyl-based fungicide was 5300%.