Flax

Increase of flax straw yield, yield of seeds, germination, germination power, flax fibre quality, percentage-number of flax fibre, stem density. Control of Anthracnose, bacteriosis, Ozoniosis, pasmo disease.

 

 

Application rate

Treatment method, processing time, application rate of working solution

Nr. of treatmts.

Additional information

50-70 mL/t

Presowing seed treatment, 5 L/t.

1

As an adjuvant, Na-carboxy-methyl-cellulose is recommended (0.2 kg/t of seeds).

Foliar spraying with Albit should be applied for herbicidal stress neutralization: simultaneously with herbicides or few days later (to recover plants after herbicide overdose).

 

50 mL/hectare

Foliar spay at the stage of ‘fire-tree’, 200 L/hectare.

50 mL/hectare

 

Influence of Albit on flax was examined in 5 field trials in Pskov and Tver' regions carried by All-Russia Flax Institute (2002-2004) and Pskov regional plant protection station (2002); also, there is long-term experience of practical application of Albit on flax in Vologda region by Vologda regional plant protection station and in Altaj kraj.

According to trials, Albit increased:

  • flax straw yield by 0.8–13 centners/hectare;
  • yield of seeds by 0.4–1.4 centners/hectare;
  • germination by 3–7 %;
  • germination power by 3–6 %;
  • flax fibre quality (average number of long fibre by 0.5–1.3 %, percentage-number of flax fibre by 26.1–55 %);
  • stem density by 19.7–37 %.

Also, Albit provides control of anthracnose (BE 40–90 %), bacteriosis (BE 77–91%), ozoniosis (BE 78–90%), pasmo disease (BE 70–90%). Albit officially registered in Russia as fungicide against these diseases. Fungicidal activity of Albit for flax is one of the highest among all examined agricultural plants (Fig. 12); it observed for disease prevalence of 6-24 % and (in this prevalence range) is able to protect flax not worse than chemical protectants and fungicides.

Application recommendations:

It is recommended to use foliar spay at the ‘fir-tree’stage and pre-sowing seed treatment. The recommended application rates of Albit are 50-70 ml/tonne of seeds and 50 ml/hectare. 

Presowing seed treatment increases germination and germination power, provides great plant growth stimulation from very beginning of development, defends flax from diseases of shoot stage (anthracnose, bacteriosis, ozoniosis). At low and moderate level of infection, Albit can effectively defend plants itself. In case of high infestation one can use Albit with decreased doses of chemical fungicides. Albit is not a disinfection agent, but it can increase disinfection effectiveness of chemical means of plant protection. Addition of adjuvant (NaCMC, 0.2 kg/tonne) to working solution used for seed treatment is recommended.

According to tests of All-Russia Flax Institute (2002-2004) on combination of Albit and fungicidal seed treatment agents, Albit combined with 50 or 30% decreased application rates of fungicides ( based on a.i. Carboxin and Tiram) provides effective protection against anthracnose, bacteriosis and ozoniosis with efficiency of full doses of chemicals or even higher (BE 84-97 %). In field trials (2003), BE against anthracnose of Vital (1.5 kg /tonne) was the same as that of Vital (1 kg /tonne)+ Albit, whereas joint using of TMTD and Albit increased BE of TMTD against anthracnose from 68.2 to 90.9%. The analogous effect was observed in case of ozoniosis: Decrease of application dose accompanied with addition of Albit increase effectiveness of Vital and TMTD from 88.2 to 94.1 % and from 52.9 to 82.4 % respectively. The most pronounced fungicide-activated action of Albit was observed in treatment against bacteriose: Albit increase BE of Vital and TMTD more than twice, from 44 to 96 %, and from 40 to 84 % respectively.

This effect can be explained through ability of Albit to induce resistance to wide range of both fungous and bacterial infections:

Influence of Albit/fungicide (based on a.i. carboxin+thiram) combination on flax diseases and yield increases, All-Russia Flax Institute, 2002-2003.

Treatment variant BE against bacteriosis BE against anthracnose BE against ozoniosis Yield increase over control
Fungicide (full doze) 43% 95% 87% 15%
Fungicide (halved doze) + Albit 89% 95% 93% 8%

Comparing to purely fungicidal treatment, Albit also increased flax straw yield by 2-4 centners/hectare, and seed yield by 0.4-1.2 centners/hectare.

In trials of 2004 the regularity of Albit influence found in 2002-2003 was confirmed. Prevalence of anthracnose, ozoniosis and bacteriosis in control was 10.5, 19 and 12.5% respectively. Effectiveness of seed treatment with Fenoram super and halved dose of Fenoram super + Albit against anthracnose and ozoniosis was the same (92-97%), whereas effectiveness against bacteriosis was almost twice increased by addition of Albit. Similarly, yield increase rise up from 14% to 31% over untreated control. Combination with Albit increases average number of long fibre (parameter of flax fiber quality) by 11 units over untreated and Fenoram-only treated controls. Also, Fenoram/Albit combination increased flax fiber percent-number by 65% over control; Fenoram-only treatment increased this parameter only by 26% over control.

The highest economical efficiency also was detected in variant of halved dose of chemical protectant+Albit. 

Foliar spraying with Albit in stage of ‘firtree’ consolidates and reinforces stimulating influence of seed treatment, protects plants from pasmo disease, provides high yield and improves flax fiber quality.

As is known, successful cultivation of flax without herbicides is impossible. However, using of herbicides is also stressful for flax, and leads to whitening, wilt, growth delay, decrease of fiber quality and general productivity. Application of Albit together with herbicides or several days after herbicidal treatment is extremely effective for relieving of herbicidal stress due to Albit antidote activity; it can radically correct the situation.

In field trial of All-Russia Flax Institute in 2003, the influence of combined using of Albit and herbicides on the growth of flax var. A-93 was studied. Before sowing, seeds were treated with different pesticides (Fenoram-super, Albit, Albit/Fenoram combination). Independently on mode of presowing treatment, all plants in ‘firtree’ stage were sprayed with herbicide mix Lenok (0,005 kg/hectare) + Bagira (1 kg/hectare) and with the same herbicides + 50 ml/hectare of Albit. In all variants where Albit was used, flax productivity was considerably (by 4-6 centners/hectare) higher than in variants without Albit. This regularity was confirmed in experiments of All-Russia Flax Institute in 2004, when mix of Lenok and Targa-super (0.005 kg+1.5 L/hectare respectively) was used for herbicidal treatment. Addition of Albit to this pesticides increased yield of flax straw averagely by 3-6 centners/hectare. Also, it was found that using of Albit abolished delay in alternation of flax growth stages inflicted by herbicides. For example, Albit-treated flax was actively blossoming by 8 of July, whereas untreated one exhibited only the very first flowers.

Analogously, Albit is effective in combination with insecticides against flax moth , large flax flea beetle, tripses; it recovers plant immunity decreased by herbicidal and insecticidal treatments. Albit treatment is sufficient for reliable immunization of flax plants against pasmo disease, but in case of high infectious environment one can recommend to use Albit with halved dose of chemical fungicide (for example, Fundazol (a.i. Benomil)).

The high antistress and growth stimulating activity of Albit is the reason for wide application of this product for treatment of Flax. Albit has been used by the biggest flax growing company of Russia, Bijskaja l’njanaja kompanija (Bijsk flax company) of Altaj kraj, as well as in many flax growing companies of Russian North. In Nizhnij Novgorod region and in Stavropol’ kraj Albit is also successfully used for increase of productivity of curly flax.